Optometry Treatment For Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a very serious and progressive disease of the eye. As the disease progresses, it causes permanent loss of peripheral vision. The best way to prevent vision loss is to schedule an eye exam with our doctors of optometry at Macias Eye Medical Centers in San Bernardino, Riverside, and Fontana for early diagnosis and treatment.
What Are The Two Types Of Glaucoma?
There are two types of glaucoma:
- Open-Angle Glaucoma: This is the most common type of glaucoma, and occurs when the drainage system in the eye doesn't function properly. If the fluid can't drain, the pressure in the eye increases, causing permanent damage to the optic nerve.
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma: Angle-closure glaucoma is less common, and occurs when the eye's drainage system becomes completely blocked, causing a rapid increase in eye pressure. This can also result in permanent damage to the optic nerve.
What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma?
The symptoms of glaucoma would depend on the type that you have. Open-angle glaucoma often shows no signs at first. Most people are not aware of having this condition until significant vision loss has occurred.
Angle-closure glaucoma causes severe symptoms early on, including:
- Severe eye pain
- Severe headaches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurry vision
How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?
Glaucoma can be diagnosed during an annual eye exam. Our optometry professionals may check your eye pressure, dilate the eyes, and test your visual field. Each test is designed to detect abnormalities in the eye and vision. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, our eye doctors may take photos of your optic nerve so that they can track the progression of your condition.
How Is Glaucoma Treated?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma. However, there are treatment options available that can help slow the progression of the disease.
- Eye Drops: In the early stages, your eye doctor may prescribe drops that can help to reduce the pressure in your eyes.
- Laser Surgery: There are laser surgical treatments that can open up the drainage system in your eyes, allowing the fluid to drain.
- Drainage Tubes: Your eye doctor can insert a small tube in your eye that is designed to drain the excess fluid, keeping the pressure in your eye down.
- Trabeculectomy: This is a traditional surgical procedure where your eye surgeon would create an opening in the white of your eye, and remove part of the trabecular meshwork. This will allow the fluid to flow normally.
Prevent Permanent Vision Loss By Scheduling An Appointment With Our Eye Doctors in San Bernardino, Riverside, and Fontana
The best way to diagnose glaucoma is in its early stages. Schedule an appointment today with Macias Eye Medical Centers by calling (909) 885-3933. Our doctors of optometry treat patients in Riverside, Fontana, San Bernardino, and surrounding areas.