Our Optometry Centers Can Treat Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a very serious condition of the eye, and without treatment, it can result in blindness. If you are diagnosed with this condition, our eye doctors at Macias Eye Medical Centers in San Bernardino, Riverside, and Fontana can create a treatment plan to slow the progression of the disease.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when the fluid in your eyes cannot drain properly, leading to your intraocular pressure to increase, and causing permanent damage to the retina. There are two types of glaucoma.
- Open-Angle Glaucoma: This is the most common type of glaucoma. It occurs when the eye's drainage system doesn't drain properly, causing the intraocular pressure to build up slowly.
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma: This type is less common, but much more serious. It happens when the eye's drainage system becomes completely blocked, preventing the fluid to drain. This causes a very rapid increase in intraocular pressure.
Who Is At Risk For Glaucoma?
Certain traits can increase your risk for this condition. This may entail the following factors:
- Being over 60-years-old
- Family history of glaucoma
- Medical conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes
- Having a thin cornea
- Previous eye injury or surgery
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
The symptoms you will experience depend on the type of glaucoma that you have. For example, a person with open-angle may not experience obvious signs of glaucoma. It isn't until the disease progresses that you will notice some vision loss. For angle-closure, the pressure is sudden and can create immediate symptoms. These include:
- Severe pain in the eyes
- Severe headache
- Sudden onset of blurry vision
- Nausea and vomiting
How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?
Glaucoma can be diagnosed during an annual eye exam. Your optometrist may perform a dilated eye exam to see if there is damage to the optic nerve. Your doctor may also want to check your eye pressure to see if it is increased. Photos of the optic nerve may be taken to track the progression of the disease.
How Is Glaucoma Treated?
In order to lessen the progression of glaucoma, which there is no cure, eye care treatments are necessary.
- Eye Drops: In the early stages, eye drops are used to decrease the intraocular pressure.
- Laser Surgery: Laser surgery is effective in opening up the fluid system to help it drain correctly.
- Trabeculectomy: This is a traditional surgical procedure where an eye doctor would create a small incision in the white of your eye, creating a new channel for the fluid to drain.
Since glaucoma shows no early symptoms, eye exams with a doctor of optometry are essential. Our optometrists at Macias Eye Medical Centers treat patients in Riverside and Fontana as well as surrounding areas. To schedule an appointment, give us a call today.